3 notions of revolution:
1. insurrectionary structuralist
2. statist transitional
3. prefiguratory anarchocommunist
Been meaning to get this out of my head. it actually connects to complex adaptive systems theory, and post-structuralist ideas about power and human nature, but that for another time.
In the 1st the locus of hierarchy is considered to be institutions of the state and capital. The drestruction of institutions of hierarchy would allow for the innate goodness of human nature to flourish and anarchism to reign. The problem of revolution is conceived either as that of force (objectivist, building insurrectionary forces), convincing enough people to rise up (subjectivist), or other syntheses (some forms of syndicalism and hazy anarchism). The second is the Marxist line of arguing for the need of revolution, yet one cannot abolish hierarchy outright through insurrections. I don’t want to spend time going into the intricacies of this argument now. This line argues for smashing state infrastructure, and seizing power to crush the class structures that will reform after the revolution. The third is a wholly distinct approach that I think has remained latent in contemporary discussions. Draw on late malatesta, chomsky in the intro to Guerin’s book, holloway, etc. The argument begins with the principle that anarchism cannot be imposed or made by force. It is inconceivable then that anarchists in a revolutionary situation seize control and move society towards anarchist ends. Part of this is what I call the prefiguratory principle, the principle that anarchists must use means that prefigure the revolutionary ends they seek. It also argues that it will only be a minority of people under class society who will become anarchists. The objective and subjective conditions are such that revolutionary ideology and practise will be sufficiently restrained to prevent mass transformation within capital (weakpoint?). Thus only by revolution can anarchist praxis become mass based. But this seems an impossibility since revolution as is said above must already be anarchist. Instead this line argues that anarchist revolution must be piece by piece across history. There are two ways people could misread this: Reformist- this line is distinguished from reformism in that it argues that the means of struggle and role of anarchists must be prefigurative. That is, the work and struggles won’t accept the logic of the state and capital but instead seek to impliment anarchist revolutionary practise. Marxism- this line is distinct from the Marxist theory of revolution of transitions in that it never argues for seizing power. Instead the struggle is protracted and across time, but remaining in the antihierarchical framework as a mass movement. This stuff has implications both for contemporary work and for understanding previous revolutions and struggles. I think it would constitute actually a refutation of the friends of durruti. God this stuff oozes out of my head when i’m forced to do more boring stuff, and am struggling with poverty. i gots to run, that’s just a kernel.